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speed limit
speed limit
speed limit
ROTTERDAM – 2008
Self adhesive plastic was used to change a traffic sign. It questions the ability of individual citizens to
influence laws and regulations.

SPEED LIMIT #8 – AMSTERDAM – 2009
SPEED LIMIT #7 – AMSTERDAM – 2009

BOY PLAYING FOOTBALL – ROTTERDAM – 2001

A young boy playing soccer on a traffic island on a busy road.

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RESTORING – DEN HAAG – 2007

Restoring a pedestrian crossing with everyday household paint.

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DECORATING – DEN HAAG – 2003

A woman tries to make a children’s playground security fence more festive.

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BOY THROWING AWAY HIS TOYS – SAN FRANCISCO – 2003

A young boy disposes of his Mickey Mouse doll collection.

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PUBLIC SCULPTURE – AMSTERDAM – 2009

A sculpture is placed in a working class neighbourhood in Amsterdam.

flowers

FLOWERS – AMERSFOORT – 1998

Harmen de Hoop laid flowers at the base of this sculpture.
As if to commemorate a forgotten war.

ARMY CARS – AMERSFOORT – 1998

In cooperation with the Dutch army eight army vehicles were parked in a poor neighbourhood.
Placed in relation to nearby green balconies and the sculpture of an archer.

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GROWING MARIJUANA – ROTTERDAM – 2016

Cannabis seeds were sown in front of a police station.

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NEW NATURE – ROTTERDAM – 2016

Oak trees for Rotterdam: dozens of acorns planted on a traffic island (waiting for them to grow).

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ARTIFICIAL PLANTS REPLACED – ROTTERDAM – 2004

Artificial plants taken from inside a university library and placed in pre-dug holes outside.

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ANIMAL LIBERATION FRONT #1 – HOLLAND – 2007

An Animal Liberation Front supporter buys a snake in a pet shop (70 euro) and sets it free in its ‘natural’ habitat.

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ANIMAL LIBERATION FRONT #2 – HOLLAND – 2007

An Animal Liberation Front supporter buys a tropical fish in a pet shop (55 euro) and sets it free in its ‘natural’ habitat.

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ANIMAL LIBERATION FRONT #3 – HOLLAND – 2007

An Animal Liberation Front supporter buys a bearded dragon in a pet shop (75 euro) and sets it free in its ‘natural’ habitat.

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ANIMAL LIBERATION FRONT #4 – HOLLAND – 2007

An Animal Liberation Front supporter buys a rat in a pet shop (7,50 euro) and sets it free in its ‘natural’ habitat.

SURVIVAL SERIES (2017)

Can things only get worse? Are we witnessing the end of the welfare state? Is the EU crumbling down?

How will the actions of the newly elected president of the USA Donald Trump influence our lives?

To be prepared for the worst I created storages for survival. At different locations I hid supplies of water, gasoline and food.

THE END OF THE WELFARE STATE #3 – NETHERLANDS – 2017

Storage for survival: 40 liter drinking water buried at a location with the coordinates 52.185943, 5.234685

In case of emergency you can use this storage too.

THE END OF THE WELFARE STATE #15 – NETHERLANDS – 2017

Storage for survival: 40 liter drinking water buried at 51.655039, 5.085491

In case of emergency you can use this storage too.

THE END OF THE WELFARE STATE #6 – NETHERLANDS – 2017

Storage for survival: 80 liter drinking water placed at two locations (51.960799, 4.702398 and 52.055733, 4.740138).

In case of emergency you can use these storages too.

THE END OF THE WELFARE STATE #4 – NETHERLANDS – 2017

Storage for survival: 30 liter gasoline buried at 52.248936, 5.159364

In case of emergency you can use this storage too.

THE END OF THE WELFARE STATE #12 – NETHERLANDS – 2017

Storage for survival: 2 jerrycans gasoline buried at 51.810534, 4.475849

In case of emergency you can use this storage too.

THE END OF THE WELFARE STATE #8 – NETHERLANDS – 2017

Storage for survival: canned carrots buried at 51.613397, 4.373203

In case of emergency you can use this storage too.

THE END OF THE WELFARE STATE #1 – NETHERLANDS – 2017

Storage for survival: 9 x 2,5 kilogram green peas buried at 51.787329, 4.425549

In case of emergency you can use this storage too.

https://vimeo.com/346161078

CURATING VINCENT VAN GOGH – SERAING – 2018

https://vimeo.com/346163339

CURATING PAUL GAUGUIN – ST. STEPHAN – 2019

education

PERMANENT EDUCATION #2 – STAVANGER – 2015

Jan Ubøe (Mathematics and Statistics Professor, Norwegian School Of Economics) gave a 30-minute lecture on the streets of Stavanger on the subject of option pricing. The equations – written in chalk on a public wall acting as a surrogate blackboard – were intended as a form of ‘knowledge propaganda’. Professor Ubøe explained to the public how banks can eliminate risk when they issue options and how banks (by trading continuously in the market) can meet their obligations no matter what happens. The option price is the minimum amount of money that a bank needs to carry out such a strategy. While the core argument is perfectly sound, it has an interesting flaw. If the market suddenly makes a jump, i.e. reacts so fast that the bank does not have sufficient time to reposition its assets, the bank will be exposed to risk. This flaw goes a long way to explain the devastating financial crisis in 2008.

RETROSPECTIVE

How do you show temporary, site-specific art years later in a RETROSPECTIVE?

Harmen de Hoop re-created works in Rotterdam that were made anonymously and without permission in other cities.

The question is: in what way does a new location and a different context change the meaning of the work?

LADIES & GENTS #1 – BERLIN – 1993

RETROSPECTIVE (LADIES & GENTS) – ROTTERDAM – 2017

Executed 24 years later and in another city. What are the significant shifts in meaning? In Berlin, the work hinted at the post-war guilt about the division of people into groups. And it raised the question of how law-abiding the ‘Ossies’ and ‘Wessies’ were in 1993. Re-created in 2017 in Rotterdam-South, one might think it has to do with an Islamic division of men and women. Or is it symbolic that this time the women are mentioned first, and not the men? Is feminism doing well in our globalized world? Perhaps we should also take the discussion about gender-neutral toilets into consideration. Are these gender-neutral benches in public space a positive thing or will the sexual harassment of women decline if we install more gender-specific benches?

GARDENING TOOLS – ST. LAURENT – 1997

RETROSPECTIVE (GARDENING TOOLS) – ROTTERDAM – 2017

On the outskirts of Saint-Laurent-de-Neste I spotted a bulletin board used by the residents to communicate to each other. The garden tools I added seem to call for a joint maintenance of the public green areas. Did anyone respond? And did they return the tools afterwards? I do not know what the social norms and values were in 1997 in this 900-year-old village. And I also do not know whether they have changed since then.

In 2017 I added a similar set of garden tools to a billboard in front of an empty office complex in Rotterdam. Which potential user is being addressed here? The dismissed employee who is advised to take up a new hobby? Or is the focus a new employer who can offer his employees the benefit of some relaxing gardening? Or maybe these offices are no longer necessary and the city can decide to extend that small piece of greenery to a fully-fledged park after the demolition of the buildings? Options enough. Now we just have to wait and see what happens to the garden tools…

WATERING DEAD TREES – WALVIS BAY – 2001

RETROSPECTIVE (WATERING A PALM) – ROTTERDAM – 2017

Broad-leaf trees at Walvis Bay, Namibia. Planted by the white citizens. Was it a custom that they, either conciously or not, took with them from their home countries? The black citizens had no gardens; they understood that almost nothing grows on desert soil. It reminded me of something I saw in Israel. There, on similar desert-like soil, patches of grass were planted between most roads. Grass that had to be watered constantly, while at the same time the Palestinian territories were going through a water-shortage. Was making the environment look European the only way they could feel at home?

There are three palm trees on the Rijnhoutplein in Rotterdam. Who put them there? The municipality? Was it a clumsy, but well-meaning attempt to make immigrants from southern countries feel more at home? Or is it simply a result of globalization, where we copy anything from anywhere, making everything look alike? But isn’t it too wet in the Netherlands for these palm trees? What are the odds of their survival?

FOR SALE – PARAMARIBO – 2005

RETROSPECTIVE (FOR SALE) – ROTTERDAM – 2017

What is the most important thing in life? Money? In a scene I staged in Surinam, a man tried to sell a rusty, overgrown car. That was not as absurd as it seems. Everywhere in Paramaribo cars much like this one were put up for sale. Probably as a valuable source of spare parts. But when does something stop being a sellable commodity? Do we give up too easily in Holland? I try to make some money myself by selling a house in Rotterdam in the Wielewaal neighbourhood. Built in 1949 to reduce the housing shortage after the Second World War and meant to last for just 25 years, now the residents and the housing association argue about preservation or demolition. In the meantime I put a house (I do not own) up for sale. I have to make a living too, don’t I? Any takers?

RESTORING – DEN HAAG – 2007

RETROSPECTIVE (RESTORING) – ROTTERDAM – 2018

Should art be useful? Are we tired of beautiful paintings and do we think that artists should contribute more directly to a better world? Does holding up a mirror to society no longer suffice? Is decisive action needed? If you see a worn out pedestrian crossing, is the right course of action to take up a brush? Should we fight not only material, but also societal deterioration? It is said that graffiti, economic instability and social discontent are intricately connected, and that keeping the environment clean and removing graffiti will prevent further decay. But isn’t that merely treating the symptoms, while the underlying causes are not adressed? Whose side is the artist on anyway?

LIFE & DEATH #12 (THE PAINTER) – ROTTERDAM – 2018
Charles Rochussen (1814 – 1894) was a 19th-century painter from Rotterdam, who was also known as an illustrator and printmaker. As a boy he showed a talent for drawing, however, it was decided that he would pursue a career in business. He worked for a few years in an office before resolving at the age of 22 to turn to painting. His speciality was history painting. Do you ever see one of his paintings in a museum?

LIFE & DEATH #3 (THE WRITER) – AMSTERDAM – 2018
Heere Heeresma (1932 – 2011) was a Dutch writer and poet. His novel ‘Een dagje naar het strand’ was adapted for the screen twice. He propagated unpretentious and readable texts. Under different pseudonyms he also wrote erotic and pornographic books. Does anyone read his books nowadays?

LIFE & DEATH #6 (THE ACTRESS) – AMSTERDAM – 2018
Julia de Gruijter (1887-1967) was a famous actress, decorated by the king of Belgium, buried in Amsterdam and today completely forgotten. Let’s give her an audience again.

LIFE & DEATH #1 (THE POET) – ROTTERDAM – 2016
Cornelis Bastiaan Vaandrager (1935-1992) was a Dutch poet, famous in the 60’s, addicted to drugs in the 70’s, wandering the streets as a misfit in the 80’s. He died lonely at the age of 56.

LIFE & DEATH #15 (THE PAINTER) – THE HAGUE – 2018
Bernard Blommers (1845 – 1914) was a Dutch painter. He mainly painted genre works depicting fishermen and their wives. His work was critically successful during his lifetime, being sought after by English, Scottish and American collectors. Now he is all but forgotten.